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Indonesia's resettlement efforts started as early as 1905. By 1980, about one million people had been resettled in the country's outer islands. 

Detail Description
The report reviews the successes achieved and challenges faced by Indonesia's Transmigration Program with particular emphasis on the previous decade during which time the program's scale had increased significantly. While the report commends the program for undertaking resettlement in a "safe and orderly way" and achieving progress towards its goals of relieving overpopulation on the island of Java and increasing agricultural productivity, it also acknowledges a number of problems in need of attention. With regard to the latter, the report describes the various social and environmental concerns identified by government and Bank Group officials, such as issues related to land clearing and land acquisition. 
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Detail of memorandum regarding meeting to discuss criticism of transmigration program (30321045). 
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Detail of memorandum regarding meeting to discuss criticism of transmigration program (30321045). 

Resource
Title
Personal papers of Gloria Davis
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Personal papers of Gloria Davis
Description
The records of Gloria Davis, the first anthropologist hired by the World Bank Group, relate to her work in Southeast Asia and transmigration with a special focus on Indonesia.
Title
Memorandum regarding meeting to discuss criticism of transmigration program
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Memorandum regarding meeting to discuss criticism of transmigration program
Description
Nov. 8, 1985
Bank Group officials met with Indonesian officials to discuss recent criticism levelled at the Indonesian government and World Bank Group relating to the transmigration program (30321045). 
Title
Correspondence from D. C. Rao to Indonesian Minister of Transmigration Martono
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Correspondence from D. C. Rao to Indonesian Minister of Transmigration Martono
Description
Dec. 9, 1986
The letter accompanies a copy of the transmigration sector review report and reiterates recommendations made in the report (30321047).
Title
Interview with Gloria Davis
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Interview with Gloria Davis
Description
Interview date: June 28 and 29, 2004
Davis, who worked on Indonesia and transmigration during much of her time with the Bank Group, discusses transmigration on pages 2, 5, and 14-15 of the transcript.
Title
Interview with Alexander Storrar
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Interview with Alexander Storrar
Description
Interview date: Aug. 19, 1991
Storrar discusses Indonesia's transmigration program on pages 21-26 of the transcript.
Title
Interview with Attila Karosmanoglu
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Interview with Attila Karosmanoglu
Description
Interview dates: Nov. 17, 1994 and Jan. 10 and 18, 1995
Karosmanoglu refers to transmigration on pages 34-35 of the transcript.
Title
The Transmigration Program in Perspective
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The Transmigration Program in Perspective
Description
Document date: July 1988
Publication version of the Transmigration Sector Review (1986) released with approval of the Indonesian government.
Title
Transmigration Program Review: Major Findings
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Transmigration Program Review: Major Findings
Description
Document date: April 2, 1981
The review of the transmigration program examines the program's origin as well as topics such as migrant welfare, program expansion, and the role of external assistance.
Title
Transmigration Program Review: Annexes
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Transmigration Program Review: Annexes
Description
Document date: April 2, 1981
The annexes cover constraints to upland transmigration, the swamp development program, and spontaneous migration.
Title
Indonesia -- Transmigration Sector Review
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Indonesia -- Transmigration Sector Review
Description
Document date: Oct. 24, 1986
The report reviews the many aspects of Indonesia's transmigration program including employment, migrant welfare, and regional development.
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